Welcome to Albania

Berat © G Raisman


Name in Local Language : Berati
Geographical Location :  South Central Albania
Population : 71,000
Interesting Facts :
The earliest recorded inhabitants of the city (6th century BC) were the Greek tribe of the Dassaretae. In 1417 it was captured by the Ottoman Empire and during the 18th century Berat was one the most important Albanian cities of the Empire.
Main Sites :
Berat Castle, Osum River, Church of St Mary of Blachernaie, Shpiragu Mountain, Byzantine Churches, "Town of a Thousand Windows.
Albanian Flag Albanian Cafe © G Raisman


Name in Local Language : Tiranë
Geographical Location : Central Albania
Population : c763,634
Interesting Facts :
Tools have been found around Tirana dating back 10-30,000 years, and there is much evidence of a strong Roman presence (300-600AD). Modern Tirana was founded as an Ottoman town in 1614 by Sulejman Bargjini, a local ruler from Mullet and became Albania’s capital city in 1920.
Himera © G Raisman  



 i mirëpritur



Languages Spoken

Official Language
Albanian (Gheg and Tosk variants for spoken language)

Other Languages Spoken
Aromanian, Greek, Macedonian, Romani, Vlax, Serbian

Find out more about Albania

Country Name in Local Language :  Shqipëri/Shqipëria
Official Language : Albanian
(Gheg and Tosk variants for spoken language)
Official Written Script :  Albanian
Currency : Lek (Lk)
Capital City :  Tirana
Population :  2,831,741
Total Area Covered :  28,748 km²
Highest Point :  Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) (2,764 m)
Telephone Calling Code :  +355
Internet TLD :  .al
National Food : Fërgesë tirane, tavë kosi / tavë elbaasani,  gjellë, qofte ferguara
National Flower :  Black Poppy

See a sample of Albanian Text

Sample text (Tosk)
Të gjithë njerëzit lindin të lirë dhe të barabartë në dinjitet dhe në të drejta. Ata kanë arsye dhe ndërgjegje dhe duhet të sillen ndaj njëri tjetrit me frymë vëllazërimi.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) ]

Sample text (Lord's Prayer in Gheg)
Ati ynë që je në qiell, shejtnue kjoftë emni yt.
ardhtë mbretnia jote; u baftë vullnesa jote,
si në qiell ashtu në dhe.
Bukën tonë të përditshme epna ne sot;
e ndiejna ne fajet e mëkatet tona,
si i ndiejmë na fajtorët tanë;
e mos na len me ra në keq, por largona prej gjith së keq;
sepse joteja âsht rregjinija e fuqia e lafti në jetët të jetëvet.

Some interesting facts

Historically, Albania can be traced back to c4th C BC, with early records of Illyria in Greco-Roman archives, but the first records of modern Albania date to the Middle Ages.  Albania's independence from its neighbouring countries was recognized by the Conference of London on 29 July 1913.

Potential Translation Pitfalls

The main issue with Albanian is to know your target location, as there are two main dialects of Albanian: Tosk (Toskësisht) Gheg (Gegërisht) and the dividing line between them is the Shkumbin river.

Tosk, the official language of Albania, and one of the official languages of Kosovo and Macedonia, is spoken in southern Albania, Turkey, Greece and Italy, while Gheg is spoken in Serbia and Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia, northern Albania and Bulgaria.

However, the dialects are more or less mutually intelligible, and transitional varieties of Albanian are spoken in central Albania.

Written Albanian
Albanian has been written with various alphabets since the 15th century. Originally the Tosk dialect was written with the Greek alphabet, while the Gheg dialect was written with the Latin alphabet.

They have both also been written with the Turkish version of the Arabic alphabet. The Latin alphabet for Albanian was standardised in 1909, and a unified literary version of Albanian, based on the Tosk dialect, was established in 1972.
Girokastra © G Raisman


Name in Local Language : Gjirokastër
Geographical Location : Southern Albania
Population :  43,095
Interesting Facts :
The earliest recorded inhabitants of the area around Gjirokastër were the Greek tribe of the Chaonians, although early Iron Age objects have also been found.
Main Sites :
Panorama, Zekate House, Hoxha's house, Gjirokastër Mosque
Girokastra © G Raisman HIMARË © G Raisman


Name in Local Language : Himarë
Geographical Location: Southern Albania
Population : 11,257
Interesting Facts :
The vast majority of people in Himarë, call themselves "Horiani", meaning "locals" in the local Greek dialect.
Main Sites :
Traditionally preserved old town (Kastro) on a hill, castle. The region has several Orthodox churches and monasteries, built in the traditional Byzantine architecture, like the Monastery of the Cross, Athaliotissa, Saint Theodore, Virgin Mary in Dhërmi and Saint Demetrius.

Back to top

VISIT OUR COUNTRY PAGES for useful information and to see more of Prof Raisman's photos

Xi'an Bell Tower © G Raisman

Yeha Book

Lake Titicaca © G Raisman
Zagorsk Market © G Raisman  Tunisia
China Ethiopia Peru Russia Tunisia

This website uses Cookies. Cookies remember you so we can give you a better service online. No personal details are stored. You can read our policy here. To use the website as intended please...