Welcome to China

Badachu Pool and Pavillion © G Raisman

BEIJING (Peking)

Name in Local Language: 北京
Geographical Location: NE China
Population: 19,612,368
Interesting Facts:
Earliest records:  Fossils from caves dating 250,000 years ago.
Main Sites:
Tiananmen Square, Temple of Heaven, National Grand Theatre, Forbidden City.
 Chinese Flag Xi'an Bell Tower © G Raisman


Name in Local Language: 西安
Geographical Location:
Central China, capital of the Shaanxi province, and a sub-provincial city in the People's Republic of China.
Population: 8,467,837
Interesting Facts:
Xi'an means 'Western Peace' and is one of the oldest cities in China, with more than 3,100 years of history.
Main Sites:
Terracotta Army, Giant Wild Goose Pagoda, Drum Tower, Bell Tower.
Sugar Candy Dragon © G Raisman


Name in Local Language: 成都
Geographical Location:
Capital of Sichuan province in Southwest China
Population: 14,047,625
Interesting Facts:
Also known as : the City of Hibiscus: Róngchéng, 蓉城, the Brocade City: Jinchéng, 锦城, the Turtle City: Guichéng, 龟城. Home to the Giant Panda.
Main Sites:
Mount Qingcheng, Dujiangyan Irrigation System, Sichuan Giant Panda sanctuaries, Jinsha Ruins, Qingyang Temple ('Green Goat Temple'), the largest Taoist temple in Southeast China.

The People's

Republic of







Official Language : Mandarin
Other Recognised languages : 
Mongolian, Tibetan, Uyghur, Zhuang


Country name in local language : 中国
Currency :
Renminbi (yuan) (¥), sometimes abbreviated to RMB
Official Language : Mandarin
Other Recognised languages :
Mongolian, Tibetan, Uyghur, Zhuang
Population : 1,347, 350, 000
Total Area Covered : 9,640,820m²
Highest Point : Mt Everest 8,848m
Telephone Calling Code : +86
Internet TLD : .cn
National Food : No official national dish, although char siu and dim sum are well-known.
National Flower : Plum Blossom


Chinese is a 2-byte language, which means you need to use two keyboard strokes to make a single character.

Potential pitfalls in typesetting (if one byte is deleted in error, you will end up with a completely different character and meaning), online survey software which may have difficulty in recognising double-byte characters and/or punctuation and software with automatic spell-check/auto-correction features activated as it is difficult without knowing the language to spot if something has been automatically amended in error.


侯宝林 郭启如侯:真喝醉的人,怕别人说他醉了。
Drunkenness (2.4) - Hou Baolin (1913-1993)


1. Guanxi, or personal relationships are of vital importance when doing business in China. Do not underestimate the importance of the relationship building process.

2. People are comfortable building relationships with honourable people who show respect to those to whom respect is due.

3. As all relationships are unequal it is important, if you wish to appear honourable, to show respect to age, seniority and educational background.

4. Managers tend to be directive, which reflects basic Confucian concepts of the hierarchical nature of society.

5. In return for loyalty, the boss is expected to show consideration and interest in all aspects of a subordinates' life.

6. There are often close relationships between senior management of a company and local party officials.

7. It is important that you do not make people 'lose face' in front of their group. Always respect seniority and do not openly disagree with people.

8. Do as many favours for people as possible - debts must always be repaid.

9. Business cards should be formally exchanged at the beginning of meetings. Treat the business card with great respect, as the card is the man.

10. Meetings are often long and seemingly without clear objectives. Very often the meeting is an exercise in relationship-building and the aim of the meeting is to move the relationship, rather than any specific business task, forward.

Thanks to www.worldbusinessculture.com for this information.


Orange Parasols © G Raisman 


Name in Local Language: 景洪
Geographical Location: Far south of Yunnan province
Population: 519,935
Interesting Facts:
Established during the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD), historic capital of the former Tai kingdom of Sipsongpanna (Xishuangbanna).
Main Sites:
Dai Water Splashing Festival, rainforest, unique Dai villages and customs.
Down to the Yangtse © G Raisman


Name in Local Language: 重庆
Geographical Location:
Southwest China, one of the five national central cities
Population: 28,846,170
Interesting Facts:
Established c400 BC by the Ba people, economic centre of the upstream Yangtze basin, provisional capital during 2nd World War, currently notorious for organised crime and corruption.
Main Sites:
Great Hall of the People, Luohan Si, Wuxi County, Dazu Rock Carvings, Three Natural Bridges, Furong Cave.
Green Parasols © G Raisman


According to the Chinese Lunar Calendar the Dragon Boat Festival falls on the 5th day of the 5th month, which this year is 10-12thJune.  It has been held for over 2000 years and commemorates the poet Qu Yuan (340-278BC) who drowned himself in the lake rather than see his country occupied and conquered by the State of Qin.  The local people were in great distress and searched the river in their boats for him, throwing food into the river to attract the fish away from his body. 

This event encompasses many different customs including Dragon Boat Racing and eating zongzi, a local dish of pyramid-shaped glutinous rice wrapped in reed or bamboo leaves.  The Dragon Boats get their name from the stern of their boat which is shaped like a traditional dragon and it is said that the winning team will bring a good harvest and happy life to the people of their village.
Horseman © G Raisman


Name in Local Language: 深圳
Geographical Location:
South of Southern China's Guangdong Province, situated immediately north of Hong Kong.
Population: 10,357,938
Interesting Facts:
Recently named as one of the 13 emerging megalopolises in China in a July 2012 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit, earliest archaeological remains so far unearthed date back to 5000 BC
Main Sites:
Chinese Folk Culture Village, the Window of the World, Happy Valley, Splendid China, Nanshan district Safari Park, Dameisha Promenade, Xiaomeisha Beach Resort, Zhongying Jie/Chung Ying Street, Xianhu Lake Botanical Garden, and Minsk World.

Washing Hair © G Raisman


Name in Local Language: 上海
Geographical Location:  East, on the Yangtze River Delta
Population: 23,019,148
Interesting Facts: Busiest container port in the world.
Main Sites:
Pudong skyline, The Bund, Yuyuan Garden, China Pavilion.

Hong Kong Evening © G Raisman


Name in Local Language: 香港
Geographical Location:
China's south coast, enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea
Population: 7,061,200
Interesting Facts:
One of the most densely populated areas in the world, earliest human presence from 35,000 to 39,000 years ago, 1841-1997 under British rule.
Main Sites:
International Commerce Centre, HSBC Headquarters Building, Central Plaza, The Center, Bank of China Tower, Tsim Sha Tsui Clock Tower, Kowloon Walled City, Tian Tan Buddha, Linong Tea House.

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VISIT OUR COUNTRY PAGES for useful information and to see more of Prof Raisman's photos

Xi'an Bell Tower © G Raisman

Yeha Book

Lake Titicaca © G Raisman
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